Know everything about the Chinese New Year
The Chinese New Year is always celebrated between January 21 and February 19 of our Gregorian calendar.
The date varies because we do not use the same calendar: the traditional Chinese world uses a lunar and solar calendar, based on the annual cycle of the sun and the phases of the moon.
China is the second world power and is full of traditions.
Now, a twelve-month lunar year lasts 354 days, hence in China a thirteenth month was added every three years to compensate for the solar calendar and the passing of the seasons.
Today, we celebrate the Chinese New Year (农历 新年) – Nongli Xinnian in pinyin – because it stems from legends and popular collective stories. In Chinese tradition, this day is the Spring Festival, in which the gods ascend to heaven to honor the Jade Emperor (Yuhuangdadi).
In addition, the Chinese New Year has a legendary dimension that leads us to spend all night awake chasing evil spirits.
Staying awake the morning after the New Year’s party means that we will live another year, we will have good health, happiness and vitality.
The History of the Chinese New Year is based on the legend of Nian, according to which a monster (called Nian), a hybrid lion and bull creature, tyrannized Chinese populations on the night of New Year’s Day.
Religion is also a very important aspect of culture.
It emerged from the sea with all its ferocity and reached the mainland to devour the inhabitants, always at midnight on the last day of the year.
An old man, who arrived by chance, realized that to ward off danger, he had to use firecrackers, put red handkerchiefs on the walls, burn dry bamboo and give strong blows to the pans.
This strategy became very common among the inhabitants, who were happy to be alive the next morning. So they decided to celebrate the party in this way.
Hence, in mainland China, in Formosa, Vietnam or Singapore, the Chinese New Year symbolizes longevity. Know everything about the Chinese New Year